四六级听力7大设题点和5大原则

你知道吗?四六级听力有7大设题点和5大原则,复习时抓住这些小诀窍,提分效果事半功倍哦~ 一起来看一下吧~

一、四六级听力七大设题点
四六级听力其实考察的都是对听力材料的要点和信息的把握。

听听力时要注意七种关键词,后面一般都是考点,尤其是对话部分,要学会听小词。

01 转折性词汇

很多题的答案发生听力材料180度转弯的BUT转折题,要学会听BUT语调变化!

还有yet, however, though, whereas, unfortunately, unexpectedly, instead, rather than, other than, to be frank, frankly speaking, to tell you the truth, etc.

02 逻辑类词汇

就是因为所以,不但而且这一类的词

表原因的because, because of, for, as, due to, owing to, in that, now that, according to,

表结果的therefore, so, as a result, consequently, eventually,

表递进的apart from, in addition, furthermore, what’s more, moreover, etc.

03 最高级词汇

形容词和副词的最高级永远是最需要关注的:

most importantly, the most popular… the biggest of…

04 事实罗列词汇

在这些词汇后就是关键和重要的事实性息:

actually, in fact, as a matter of fact, etc.

05 序数词后面

最重要的是the first, firstly and finally.

06 情态动词

sb. has got to, can, could, may, might, need, should, ought to, etc.

07 重要形容词

表示重要的词:

important, crucial, chief, major, significant, the only, unique, essential, necessary, vital, etc.

四六级听力做题时还有5大原则,帮助你更快锁定正确答案,排除干扰项,希望大家活用这些诀窍!

二、四六级听力五大原则
01 相关保留原则

当选项中有两项表达意思相近时,那么正确答案必在这两项之中!

这时只需稍微听一听对话,即可知答案,如果出现了双重相关,便可直接确认正确选项,只需听完对话加之认证一下即可!

►典型真题:2016年6月六级听力第10题

A) They will feel less pressure to raise employees’ wages.

B) They will feel free to choose the most suitable employees.

C) They will feel inclined to expand their business operations.

D) They will feel more confident in competing with their rivals.

分析:A、B两项均含有they will feel和employees,相比其他两项更具相关性,正确答案应该在A和B选项中。

02 异项保留原则

当选项中出现有意思明显相反的两项时,那么正确答案必在此二项中出现!

►典型真题:2016年6月四级听力第11题

A) It poses a challenge to seniors.

B) It saves both time and money.

C) It is childish and unprofessional.

D) It is cool and convenient.

分析:C、D选项结构一样,表达意义相反。正确答案应该在C和D选项中。

03 视听一致原则

被读到单词(个数+次数)最多的选项是正确答案

提醒:如果有2个选项均有多个单词被读到,那么标记被读到的单词次数。哪个选项单词被读到的次数最多,哪个就是正确选项!

►还以上面这道4级真题为例,听力原文如下:

W: He said he’d never text message. He thinks it’s very childish and unprofessional to text message.

M: Yeah, I can see what he means. It’s considered pretty informal to text message someone.

刚才我们通过相近相反原则已经确定答案在C和D中,听到childish and unprofessional可以直接选出。

C) It is childish and unprofessional.

D) It is cool and convenient.

04 概括、抽象保留原则

当选项中出现比较概括、抽象的句子时,这时我们就要把表述事实的、具体的句子划掉,而去选择表概、抽象、比较性的句子!

此原则可衍生出一个包含取大的原则,在作题时应用也是十分的广泛,一般当两个选项的意思接近时,表述比较全面的一般为正确选项!

►典型例题:

A) The visiting has given several lectures.

B) The guest lecturer’s opinion is different from Dr. Johnson’s.

C) Dr. Johnson and the guest speaker were schoolmates.

D) Dr. Johnson invited them to visit their college.

►例题分析:A、C、D均为表述事实的句子,只有B项为对比、比较的句子,较之A、C、D项更为抽象的表述了一件事情,所以B项为正确选项!

05 态度和虚拟保留原则

这种方法一般无单独命题的规律性,只是作为上述四种宏观方法的辅助方法出现。

当只剩下两个选项时,通常正态度的选项容易是正确答案,表虚拟的选项更容易是正确答案!

以上就是今天的内容了,有问题请留言哦~

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